by brian k. shoemake
One of the most disputed and debated articles of the U.S. Constitution regarding immigration has been the Fourteenth Amendment. Also widely referred to as the "Citizenship Clause."
Amendment XIV Section 1.
“All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.”
The amendment states that citizenship is guaranteed to anyone who was born in the United States and "subject to the jurisdiction thereof." But that statement could be a bit misleading without a full understanding of court interpretations, and Congressional action since then...